Agribusiness and Agro-Processing

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Background

Agribusiness has traditionally been the backbone of Swaziland’s economy. Since the 1950s when sugar cane was first produced, the commodity remains a top export earner for the country with production rising to over 650,000 tonnes in 2013 from 165,000 tonnes at independence (1968). The sector employs a significant proportion of the labour force. The diverse agricultural activities in the country include sugar production, citrus fruit, cotton, maize, beef, dairy products, vegetables and forest products.

Sector Performance

Growth in the sector has averaged over 3% for the years 2012 and 2013. The table below shows production levels for major products.

ProductProduction per annum (tonnes)Income (SZL' million)
Sugar 650,000 4,000
Citrus 74,000 87.7
Cotton 2,000 9.6
Beef 1,402 85.6

Source: Central Bank ofSwaziland Annual Report, 2013/14

  • 76, 000 metric tonnes of maize is produced per annum, yet local demand for maize stands at 115,000-120,000 metric tonnes per annum
  • The demand for dairy milk is 65 million litres (a 3.75% increase), while the local production stands at 9.6 million litres. The resulting shortage of 55 million litres is imported from South Africa.
  • The forestry sector continues to be a force in the economy producing in excess of 530,000 tonnes of timber

Strengths

  • Four climatic regions with fertile soils and rainfall averaging 130 mm in summer and 10 mm in winter.
  • Availability of major dams for irrigation purposes.
  • Access to over 2 billion people through market blocs of SACU, SADC, COMESA, GSP, AGOA and EU

Major Players

Investors
  • Illovo Sugar
  • Royal Swaziland Sugar
  • Swaziland Meat Industries
  • Montigny Investments
  • Parmalat
  • Rhodes foods
Support and Regulatory bodies
  • Swaziland Sugar Association (SSA)
  • Swaziland Citrus Board
  • National Agricultural Marketing Board (NAMBoard)
  • National Maize Corporation
  • Swaziland Dairy Board
  • Swaziland Cotton Board
  • Komati Basin Water Authority (KOBWA)
  • Swaziland Water and Agriculture Development Enterprise (SWADE)

 

Useful Links

Ministry of Agriculture

P. O. Box 162
Mbabane H100
Tel: +268 2404 2731 /9/ 6362
Fax: +268 2404 4730
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Website: www.gov.sz

National Agricultural Marketing Board (NAMBoard)

P.O.Box 4261
Manzini M200
Tel: +268 2505 5314/5; +268 2505 2648
Fax: +268 2505 4072
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Website: www.namboard.co.sz

National Maize Corporation (NMC)

Plot 542, 11th Street Matsapha
Industrial Sites Matsapha
Box 1775, Matsapha M202
Tel: +228 2518 7432; +268 2518 8047
Fax: +268 2518 4461
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Website: www.nmc.co.sz

Swaziland Dairy Board

3rd Floor, Enguleni Building
287 Mahleka Street, Manzini
P.O. Box 2975
Manzini Swaziland
M200
Tel: +286 5058262/3
Fax: +268 505 8260
Website: www.dairyboard.co.sz

Swaziland Sugar Association

4th Floor, Nkhotfotjeni Building
Corner Msakato and Dzeliwe Street
P. O. Box 445
Mbabane, Swaziland
Tel: +286 2404 2464
Fax: +268 2404 0006
Website: www.ssa.co.sz

Swaziland Cotton Board

Mancishane Street
Crop Promotion Unit
P. O. Box 230
Manzini, Swaziland
Tel: +268 25052775
Fax: +268 25052775
Website: www.cottonboard.co.sz

Swazi Bank

Umlunguzi WeNdlovu Building
Gwamile Street
P.O. Box 336, Mbabane, H100
Tel: 2409 5000
Fax: 2404 2550
Website: www.swazibank.co.sz

Swaziland Development Finance Corporation

7th Floor, Dlanubeka House
Corner Mdada & Lufalufa Street
Mbabane
P. O. Box 6099 Mbabane, H100
Tel: +268 2404 9272
Facsimile: +2404 9273